Sunday, December 23, 2007

The Victory of Narendra Modi

The verdict is out. The people of Gujarat have chosen their leader. While I beleive that in a democratic set up the verdict of the people obtained by fair means is to be respected. 
An important distinction has to be made here and I want to draw the readers 
attention to it. This victory cannot and does not absolve Modi of the crimes he and 
his cohorts have commited against a large section of the muslim population 
euphemistically called the minorities. State terrorism is a bigger crime than religious 
terrorism. Those of us who complacently stand by with a"not in my backyard" attitude
must remember that unless civil society resists and opposes the communal politics of 
hatred which Modi and his ilk stand for they too may some day become  victims of state
terror. The Congress party has failed the people by not opposing Modi's ideology. 
I am certainly not of the view that the Congress erred by calling a spade a spade ie.
calling Modi a merchant of death. In fact the apologetic attitude of the party subsequent
to that and its attempt to appease the minorities and tribals exposed it as a trader 
of vote banks. Therefore the Congress in Gujarat became an  object of ridicule rather 
than a challenger. The role of the media print and television in exposing 
the misdeeds of Modi and his murderous clan has to be applauded. Also the secular NGO's 
Teetsa Setalvad, Harsh Mandar, Mallika Sarabhai, Medha Patkar, Arundhati Roy and the countless nameless workers from their organisations need to be saluted for the
commited efforts they have made and continue to make to expose Modi's crimes. 

It is time for the real Indian to stand up and show to the world that he does not subscribe
to the ideology of hatred even if it masquerades in the garb of economic development. We cannot depend upon the politicians for this important task. As for the voter of Gujarat, they
must remember that while today they gloat over the victory of Modi and believe that he can stand against terrorism, it is Modi's brand of politics which creates terrorists. If a bonafide citizen cannot be ensured  a secure existence by a democratic government he can easily land in the lap of terrorists.

The fight is on and India will redeem itself if Modi and his ilk are prosecuted by the law of the land for the crimes they have committed. The perpetrators of mass riots have mostly never been punished but there is always a first time and I hope and pray that this happens in my beloved India.


Wednesday, November 14, 2007

A Sadistic Deal?

The events in Nandigram in West Bengal over the last few days and the issue as a whole is the focus of my post today. The evidence is damning and the double standards and hypocrisy of the CPM stands thoroughly exposed. To terrorize a population of an area in which people were merely demanding to be left alone and allowed to live their own lives in the way they have done so is totally undemocratic. The CPM is not guilty of merely terrorizing the people but has killed looted and burnt down the dwellings of the people it was supposed to protect. This is being done to make way for Special Economic Zones for corporates and their rich clients. It is not that the land under question is a barren arid desert land. By all accounts Nandigram is a green and fertile agricultural zone. The CPM which swears by the common man and socialistic ideals all over the country are unable to apply the same yardstick to their show piece Government of West Bengal. The CM the so called wise Buddha has the gall to say today that their cadre has only retaliated. What kind of war is this where persons armed with sophisticated weapons aim and shoot at an unarmed populace surrounded and with nowhere to go.

As if this is not enough what shocks me further is the complete lack of reaction from the central leadership and the Congress party. How long will we held hostage by leaders who cannot see beyond vote banks and selfish self perpetuating deals? If the same events had happened in BJP led Gujarat the reaction of the Karats,Yechuris,Laloos,Pawars and Sonia would have been totally different. What is the difference between Narendra Modi who allowed his henchmen to kill and loot the Muslims for three days while the state looked the other way and Buddhadev Dasgupta who kept the police, CRPF, media and the intelligentsia away from Nandigram for more than a day to enable his stooges to indulge in arson, looting and cold blooded murder? Not for moment do I condone the events of Gujarat, but doesn't this double standard give a handle to the Hindu fundamentalists to justify their communal agenda?

And now comes the news that the "principled" stand that the Left had taken against the nuclear deal has come a cropper. Suddenly they find that they can allow the Govenment to proceed with the talks with international atomic energy groups to help operationalize the deal. It is very difficult to believe that this is not a sadistic deal. You allow our Government at the center to survive and we will overlook you evil deeds in West Bengal. It is a sadistic deal and totally condemnable in the eyes of the people of India. I appeal to the intelligentsia to call this bluff and lobby with the Governor of West Bengal Mr. Gopal Krishna Gandhi to recommend President rule and to restore to the people of Nandigram what is rightfully theirs.

Wednesday, September 05, 2007


The nuclear deal negotiated by the Indian Government with the US has become a bone of contention among the proponents and the opponents of the deal. In this game the stakes have reached sky high and the very survival of the UPA government is now dependent on this issue. Where does the common man or "Aam Aadmi" come in on this issue? To my mind this is a battle between idealism and pragmatism. While I do not believe that our PM is a traitor or a stooge of the US, I do believe that the policies of this UPA government have not been in accord with the welfare of the poor.

Debating specifically on the nuclear deal I feel a nation wedded to the ideals of non-violence and renunciation does not need weapons of mass destruction. India has not waged a war in its history and we don't need a bomb. We have enough for deterrence even taking a pragmatic view. Today corporate India has hijacked the development debate in the corridors of power. Providing cheap power to sustain our 8.5-10% growth takes precedence over all issues. Nuclear power has been a holy cow since Nehruvian times and compared to the investment made has never given commensurate returns. It meets less than 3% of our energy needs today. The safety norms adopted by the nuclear establishment are certainly not adequate and even today the people living in the vicinity of the nuclear plants are likely to suffer from the ill effects of radiation in this life and pass it on to the future generations. Going by the most optimistic projections, which seem unlikely in the face of the finer print of this deal, India is not going to get more than 6% of its energy requirements from nuclear energy. India has been a nuclear power since decades thanks to our scientific community backed by the Nehru family and the Hindutva brigade in turn. Both did so for different reasons and after two nuclear blasts in the deserts of Pokhran the nation whose icon even today is the apostle of peace proclaimed itself a nuclear power. While Nehru and Indira always projected our program me as an "atoms for peace ", the hindutva brigade called it a proclamation of super power status. Since 1945 amidst the accumulation of nuclear weapons no nation has or will use nuclear warheads. The cost of doing so is total annihilation of all forms of life on mother earth. Therefore to oppose this deal on the basis of the Hyde act which will make USA suspend fuel supplies in case of a nuclear test is not really acceptable. All right thinking individuals should oppose this deal because of the fact that we do not need more weapons of mass destruction nor do we need more nuclear reactors which will result in radiation hazards. We need to divert our scarce resources to quickly develop solar, wind and hydro-electric power. In fact innovations like cycle generators, speed breaker generators must be encouraged. I am not for a moment suggesting that these solutions will be enough to offset the nuclear power production anticipated, but I do feel that the development debate must not be hijacked by parameters of sensex driven growth of corporate India at the cost of Bharat. We must not displace from their green lands the peasants, nor poison the land and rivers with nuclear waste so that we can sustain an 8-10% growth. Instead a government with a long term vision which can put aside the obsession with GDP and instead concentrate on GNH or gross national happiness ( will be more in tune a holistic growth of India. We must also change from an economy of materialistic consumption to an economy of permanence leading to sustainable living.

At the end I would like to remind our leadership of the talisman Mahatma Gandhi gave to the leaders of free India to use in case they have difficulty in decision making. It is as follows.

I will give you a talisman. Whenever you are in doubt or when the self becomes too much with you, apply the following test:

Recall the face of the poorest and the weakest man whom you may have seen and ask yourself, if the step you contemplate is going to be of any use to him. Will he gain anything by it? Will it restore him to a control over his own life and destiny? In other words, will it lead to Swaraj for the hungry and spiritually to starving millions? Then you will find your doubts and your self melting away.

Please apply this to the nuclear deal and I think an honest answer to this will certainly make India go against the deal.

Dr Vispi Jokhi

Tuesday, August 07, 2007

An Eye for an Eye Makes the World Blind

An Eye for an Eye Makes the World Blind

Although the above statement is an evident truth and therefore must not be desirable, the saga of the Mumbai bomb blast trial is an endorsement of this philosophy. Where do we begin and where do we end? Some may say Babri Masjid demolition, some the December riots, some the January riots. In all the hype of the media over one man we forget that the issues involved are far more complex. In an imperfect society we are both victims and perpetrators of heinous crimes against our own brethren. According to me we have all failed in our duties.

While civil society to tackle the menace of terrorism, must have legal mechanisms, they should be humane and such that we see a decline in terrorism. The intransigence of the fundamentalist leadership of the Muslim community over a virtual non-issue of the origin of a piece of land enabled the right wing Hindu leadership to polarize opinions. The Babri Masjid a defunct unused mosque became a live issue and became a cause of a Hindu Muslim divide. The role of our politicians right, left and center has been reprehensible and in this politics of retribution and hate we have forgotten the essential unity of all religions. No religion asks for the blood of innocent victims neither to secure the birthplace of the Lord nor to avenge the deaths of their co-religionists.

It is in this situation that we must have the state playing a constructive and bridging role. In 1993, in the aftermath of the demolition in the face of inflamed passions, the state instead of dealing with a firm and even hand with the rioters Muslims and Hindus alike allowed the cycle of retribution selectively. After initial provocation by a few Muslim elements the state turned a blind eye and allowed marauding mobs to kill and destroy properties of Muslims. A pogrom was initiated by the right wing parties and the so called secular forces looked away. If we want to live in civil society we need the rule of law to protect ordinary citizens. If this fails then the common man has nowhere to go. He has no choice but to become an instrument in the hands of terrorists. State terrorism is in my view far worse than individual or communal terrorism. The Hindu and Muslim, the vast majority of the moderate ones have no role to play in this macabre orgy of hatred and retribution.

Coming to the question of judgment and punishment and what is the duty of society towards the terrorists, I have an opinion to put forth. Each one of us is a victim of circumstance and all of us are essentially the divine creations of God deserving forgiveness and an opportunity to reform and atone for our misdeeds. If we take this view we cannot have laws which permit the death penalty. An eye for an eye will make the whole world blind. The contrary view is that civil society must put away for some time elements dangerous to society to enable them to reform. Even as I see some of the Mumbai blast case convicts regretting their actions many of them in the court of the judge show indignation at perceived injustice and some even lack of remorse for their actions. The judge can only follow the law of the land and punish according to law based on the evidence provided to him and like all humans he too can make mistakes. Civil society must take a more humane view and do away with the death penalty and allow convicts the opportunity to do useful constructive work during their jail terms in an environment conducive to reform. On the other hand state terrorism for which police and politicians are responsible should be punished in a similar manner. In addition politicians and policemen guilty of such crimes should not be allowed in positions where they are responsible for the preservation of law and order and the leadership of the common man. Suspension from elections at all levels for at least a decade can be a strong enough punishment for the thugs in office. In this way we can begin to break away from the cycle of “I will kill because you killed first”.

Even as I wish to steer clear of the “munnabhai” factor, I cannot help but feel emotionally about the Sanjay Dutt. I am of the opinion that Sanjay Dutt got the punishment as per the law of the land and I do subscribe to the view that he has reformed and is not a danger to civil society. If he has to gain the respect of society and become a real hero he must accept the verdict gracefully and not even appeal against it. He has done a wrong and must atone for his mistake.

Violence in society is of two kinds, the overt and the covert. The overt is selectively punished depending on which side of the divide you are on, state sponsored mob killer or global jehadist, while the covert is glorified. A materialist consumerist society fostering greed, envy and exploitation is glorified as a rising shining society without realizing that it fosters violence towards the creation of the Lord. We would do well to search within ourselves in our daily lives and see the violence we indulge in while running in this mad race of acquisition. Our actions must be based on universal love, for all the creation living, non-living and human and animals as also mother earth. We must be the improvement we want to see in the world around us. When we reduce this covert violence we will have enough in this world for every mans needs. Do not for a moment underestimate the potential of an individual to affect this change. Having done this I am certain that we can usher in a society free from the curse of revenge and retribution.

Sunday, March 25, 2007

Diet cycles in Ayurveda

The Theory of Natural hygiene is the basis of the diet cycles in Ayurveda or the ancient science of medicine. We need to ingest, excrete and assimilate what we eat and drink. Therefore we divide the day into three eight hour cycles for the same.

Excretion or detoxification is the key to good health. This starts occurring from 4am to 12 noon. Therefore in this period it is mandatory on our part to consume foods which are easily digested and put no or minimal strain on the digestive system and at the same time make us alert and energetic for the day to begin. This is best done by fruits and fruit juices alone. Fruits consumed on an empty stomach get digested and emptied from the stomach in less than half an hour and give instant energy and alertness to the body.

From 12 noon to sunset is the time for ingestion. A meal containing raw vegetable juice, raw salad, sprouted salad and steamed vegetables is an ideal combination. In the evening a repeat dose of fruits along with raw unsalted nuts or dry fruits will give us the sustenance and energy to increase our output and work effectively. An early dinner preferably before 8 pm consisting a similar meal with a single cereal either unpolished rice or jowar bajri as the accompanying bread would be the correct combination.

A liberal quantum of sour lime with the meals, use of rock salt or sea salt and no water are the other features of this diet. Use of organic fruits, vegetables, nuts and sprouts is the ideal combination for a healthy life.

Exposure to sunlight in the morning and evening, holistic physical exercise using the techniques of Hatha Yoga and meditation one or two times a day are the essential life style modifications recommended.

For guidance and help you can contact me on e mail at

Saturday, March 24, 2007

Yoga & Orthopedics

Yoga & Orthopedics

By Dr. Vispi Jokhi M.S. Orthopedics

I would like to share with the reader my journey in the field of Yoga, which began eight years ago and will continue till my innings on earth is over. Yoga or union of mind, body and soul is truly India's gift to the world and today the sad fact is that we seem to be importing Yoga back from the West rather than exporting it. As an Orthopedic Surgeon, physical fitness was certainly high on my priority list, however the hectic life of Mumbai made me look for quick fix solutions. Gymnasiums, free hand exercises, brisk walks, swimming all came into my life, but with limited results. Often they became workouts, which left me tired instead of raising my energy levels. My scripture reading gave me an idea about the ancient system of Hatha Yoga of Patanjali and about the importance of all the eight limbs of Yoga. But my "scientific mind" in its arrogance was under the impression that Yoga was merely a series of contortions of the body called asanas, which had limited benefits. I thought that flexibility of the bones and joints was all that was needed and a few weeks of training was all that was required. I did not seem to have time for the half naked "tilak smeared"Gurus.

Eight years ago I went for a lecture-demonstration by Shri Zubin Zarthostimanesh, a Yoga teacher trained by the world famous Respected Shri BKS Iyengar. Shri Zarthostimanesh began with a humble prayer to sage Patanjali to invoke his blessings followed by his lecture. Health and physical fitness was transformed from a workout to a holistic artistic positioning or asana. While many in the audience were there to see the postures and applaud, I was there to see the practical application of yoga principles in day to day life. He showed us how the way we stood, sat, walked or slept had a direct influence on degeneration and disease. He emphasized the importance of all the eight limbs of Yoga and how one could reach a meditative state within the asana. I had found my Guru and was overjoyed. I asked Zubin to be my Guru and thus began my journey in the field of Yoga.

Orthopedic Surgeons and for that matter all physicians approach to disease is essentially one of fire-fighting in the form of symptom alleviation with a prescription, followed by repair or reconstruction (surgical methods). We need a paradigm shift from this approach to prevention and healing. Fractures and injuries are treated by plasters and surgeries along with painkillers, but the accompanying bed rest results in major muscle wasting and changes. Often my Guru calls bed rest as bed rust. Even while resting parts of the body, which are, injured it is possible to mobilize the muscles and joints around it to promote better physiological healing.

The importance of this aspect of healing is now being recognized the world over. Degenerative joint disorders like Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Spine degenerations, Ankylosing Spondylitis all can be treated very effectively by the ancient system of Yoga. Bone brittleness due to lack of calcium and Vitamin D is also effectively treated by asanas, which stretch every part of the body. Yoga has a role to play in the treatment of flatfeet, heel spurs, bunions and wrist carpal tunnel syndromes and tennis elbows.

In Yoga the therapy aspect usually consists of an initial positioning of the affected joint or muscle group in a manner that will alleviate the pain without aggravating the inflammation. Use of props like ropes, belts, bricks, walls, stools, couches and pommel horse like devices is the unique contribution of BKS Iyengar to the subject. These props enable a sick person to obtain the complete benefits of a posture without injury. For specific conditions like osteoporosis which is disease of life style Yoga is extremely effective since stretching of hip and groin regions is seldom effective in other forms of physical workouts.

A major difference between physical exercise and yoga is that muscles contract and shorten during movement, whereas they expand and lengthen during movement of the joints. The relation of the psyche with the soma and the role of the mind in healing cannot be over emphasized. In the system of Yoga the suffering patient learns to relax and copes with his disease much more effectively.

An important aspect of Yoga and its application to the field of sports is often over-looked by our sports medicine specialists and coaches. Yoga has the advantage of incorporating active and passive exercise regimes wherein the injured part can be protected. The most important aspect of Yoga for a sportsman is prevention of injury by preparing all muscle groups for the actual game or sports event. Contrary to the public perception Yoga can be very dynamic and can prepare a sportsman for fast and rapid activity. Asanas are useful for rapid recovery after the game or event.

On a personal level, I started Yoga as a physical workout and got good relief from aches and back pains. Slowly, the asanas penetrated to areas of my body, which I was never aware of and the effort in achieving the poses became less than before. At times I did end up with pain when the stiff body refused to yield, but my Guru always sent us home from a session of Yoga pain-free and full of energy. I learnt to sequence my poses in order to access to both the physical and physiological body and in moments of real relaxation reach as close to single pointed mind as possible. It is at these times, which come almost daily in my practice, that I truly achieve Yoga or union of body, mind and soul. Yoga for me became an indispensable tool for revitalizing and healing my body. Eight years is still a short time and I am sure, as the years go by its benefits will multiply exponentially.

Many of us start Yoga or a work out and after some time leave it because we stagnate or seem not to progress. To make sure we do not do that we must continuously assess our intentions and goals. From alleviation of medical problems to a mere physical work out we need to increase our intensity and penetrate from the outer layers of our body skin muscles and bones to the physiological parts and then to the emotional and other aspects of uniting body mind and soul to achieve bliss. For this to occur a conscious slowing down leads to an inner awareness of the pose.

A regular practice of Yoga about an hour a day is essential and I can assure all the readers that this time is truly well spent. Preventive medicine consists of major life-style changes. A healthy vegetarian natural diet, yogic postures, reduction of needs, living for others and slowing the pace of life are some of the major steps required to achieve good health.

Friday, March 16, 2007


Viveka or Discrimination

The most natural thing that we do as soon as we meet a person or a situation in life is form an opinion based on our past experience. This is what we call being judgmental. Is Viveka or discrimination the same as judging or different? It is actually a judgment with a difference. On earth man is on top of the chain of evolution because he has the faculty of discrimination which gives him the power to choose between right and wrong, good and evil. It is correct use or abuse of this faculty which enables him to reach the sublime heights of divinity or plunge into the depths of despair.

Most of us live in this world superficially as slaves to our senses and fail to look at ourselves and persons around us as manifestations of the divinity which pervades each and every object. That is the reason why we have connotations like fair, tall, elegant, smart, good looking etc. seen as positive attributes and the opposite as negative ones. We tend to select our friends and favor our acquaintances based on these qualities. One thing leads to another in India race, religion and class become the basis of the worst use of negative discrimination in society. A closer look at life will easily tell us that appearances are very deceptive and we need the quality of Viveka or discrimination with consciousness to realize right from wrong.

The wise say we must not be biased or judgmental in our dealings with persons. Does that mean we should not decide right from wrong? Should we be indifferent? The answer to this is that we must judge but with viveka or discrimination based on our identification with the divine unchanging Self rather than the constantly changing superficial person of the world. The wise see themselves in all and all in themselves. The detached judgment prevents us from unduly favoring the ones appearing good and discriminating against the ones appearing bad. Our judgment will be free from lust, fear and anger and will be fair and correct. One must become a humble instrument in the hands of the Lord and become one with the universal consciousness. This will enable one to distinguish right from wrong.

All conflicts and violence in this world arise from the inability of individuals, groups, religions, classes and nations to rise above selfish differences. Human beings commit crimes against each other and destroy themselves and mother earth when overcome by jealousy, anger, hatred and lust. The wise or the ones who have true discrimination or viveka overcome these negative qualities and are able to see the divinity in each and every creation of God.

We cannot change overnight since man is a creature of habit. The first thing we need to do is to stop impulsively and superficially reacting to any situation. A pause and an awakening of ones consciousness by any means are needed. Looking within oneself and recognizing the Self within through meditation is essential. Use of a mantram to awaken this consciousness is the emergency brake needed to prevent us from being swept away by the surge of negative emotions. Patience and a slow considered approach will prevent us from jumping to wrong conclusions. An unselfish look at the situation where we put others before self is the hallmark of a person with discrimination or viveka.

Simple steps to use our discrimination or viveka in perfect harmony with our consciousness which is part of the universal consciousness can usher in an era of universal peace. Every individual step taken in the use of viveka or discrimination is a step towards ultimate freedom.

Responsible Actions

Responsible Actions by Dr Vispi Jokhi

By Dr. Vispi Jokhi

August 25, 2006

In the humdrum of daily life we do many things, which seem trivial, innocuous and insignificant but adding them up they can have a Force Multiplier effect. I have no claims to be a preacher but in the spirit of karmayog I try to make every decision on the basis of three questions.

Is my action ethical? By this I mean is it morally correct? Is it a truthful, non-violent, unselfish act?

Is my action ecological? My action must be least harmful to mother earth. In fact it should conserve mother earth.

Is my action empowering? All the changes I bring into my life must enable me enhance me spiritually and take me on the path to freedom.

Quoting the first verse of the Isha Upanishad:

The Lord is enshrined in the hearts of All.

The Lord is the Supreme reality.

Rejoice in Him through renunciation.

Covet nothing, All belongs to the Lord.

Thus working you can live a hundred years and attain full freedom.

The improvement we want in the world must begin with each one of us. There are many ways in which we can make a difference. From my own life I want to share with my readers the force multipliers that can make a difference. These are all practical actions easy to incorporate in our day-to-day lives.

Our very first act of morning ablutions can be a force multiplier if we use a half tank flush system in our toilets. This can save water to the tune of 15 liters every single use. When we brush our teeth, shave or even wash our hands, keeping the flow of the tap of the tap moderate and the duration of the flow not more than required makes for substantial water saving. Using only a bucket of warm water in tropical India is an act inspired by Gandhi who while bathing in the Sabarmati river decided that he had a right only over what he needed for his bath and the water downstream belonged to those who lived downstream.

Similarly use of electricity sparingly and use of power saver CFL lighting is actions, which are ethical and ecological. When we leave a room we can do others and ourselves an invaluable service by switching the lights and fans off. Opening and closing refrigerators as infrequently as possible is another responsible action. Use of clean fuels, car-pooling and public transport when possible are more such responsible actions.

All these choices are empowering since they give me the inspiration to be unselfish. It makes me realize that whatever mother earth gives us is really a shared bounty for common use and enjoyment but certainly not for my indulgence.

The choice we make in use of eco-friendly products beginning with articles of personal use like tooth-pastes, soaps, belts, shoes, cosmetics free from animal products are responsible acts of humanity. We are created as intelligent beings more powerful than our animal brethren and we are thus duty bound to protect the lesser creatures on earth.

I was meant to eat fruits, vegetables, nuts and sprouts and a diet based on these foods enable me to live a healthy life causing the least damage to the environment. Awareness of the cruelty that goes in the name of the meat, fish and poultry industry made me decide my choice of food I ate and products used. The principles of the 3 R’s Refuse, Reuse and Recycle became my mantra when it came using plastic poly bags. Gradually I have minimized the use of poly bags. Segregation of garbage into dry and wet garbage and the conversion of wet garbage to manure was my humble contribution to the food chain.

The realization of the inter-connections of my actions with my spiritual progress became a part of my consciousness. Although these actions were on a physical plane they increased my thirst for knowledge. Being a man of “science” books and reading became my source of knowledge. Mere letters were never enough. True knowledge was I realized was to be found not from without but from within. Therefore stilling the mind is presently my priority. The practice of Yoga and meditation are my aids to realize my true nature and to reach the divine principle of existence.

The Lord shows the path to those who search for knowledge but we all need guidance. In these choices I was helped by my teachers. My Guru in absentia is Mahatma Gandhi, whose life example is constantly before my eyes. I am indebted to my Yoga teacher Guru Zubin Zarthostimanesh and to my guide in matters of nutrition Dr. Vijaya Venkat. For meditation I follow the Eight Point Programme of Sri Eknath Easwaran available on the website Beside them there have been innumerable guides.

I continue relentlessly in my quest for making my actions selfless and more responsible and the illustrations above are by no means complete and exhaustive. If they were they would not empower me to take further steps on the path of knowledge. I realize fully that there is an invisible hand of the Lord who is the real doer and I am a mere instrument of change in his hand. I dedicate this action of writing this essay to the Supreme Lord. In the true spirit of karmayoga I offer my thoughts to my readers. I would like to hear from you your feedback and comments on my offering.

Author’s email id is